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Vermont latest state to publish BMP guidelines for golf courses

by Jul 28, 2020 | Kate Hiebert

The Vermont GCSA leads the development of statewide best management practices with a grant from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America

Lawrence, Kan. (July 28, 2020) – The hard work of the Vermont Golf Course Superintendents Association has resulted in the publication of “Best Management Practices for Vermont Golf Courses”.

The Vermont BMPs were developed in part by using the BMP Planning Guide and Template created by the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America (GCSAA) and funded and supported by the USGA.

The Vermont GCSA received a $10,000 BMP grant that GCSAA funded through the association’s Environmental Institute for Golf (EIFG) in part by the PGA Tour. The BMP grant program provides funding through the EIFG to chapters for developing new guides, updating existing guides or for verification programs. GCSAA’s goal is to have all 50 states offer established BMPs by the end of 2020.

The Vermont BMPs are an offshoot of the “Best Management Practices for New England Golf Courses” document, which was made possible by the superintendents across the region, the New England Regional Turfgrass Foundation and scientists from the University of Connecticut and University of Massachusetts. Scientists from the University of Vermont assisted as well in the crafting of the Vermont BMPs, which have focus areas including pollution prevention, water conservation and pollinator protection.

Larry Keefe, superintendent and owner at Wilston (Vt.) Golf Club, is president of the Vermont GCSA and served on the Vermont GCSA Steering Committee.

“Vermont is very environmentally cautious and has more restrictions than some of the other New England states,” Keefe said.  “With the BMPs, we can address issues before they come up and show that we are already ahead of things.” 

In addition to Keefe, others who served on the BMP steering committee include Alden Maddocks, superintendent at Ekwanok Country Club in Manchester Center, Vt.; Kevin Komer, CGCS, director of agronomy at The Mountain Course at Spruce Peak in Stowe, Vt.; Ken Lallier, CGCS, golf course maintenance director at Quechee (Vt.) Club; and Matthew Wood, golf course permit specialist, Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets.

To read “Best Management Practices for Vermont Golf Courses” and to learn more about GCSAA’s BMP program, visit