12 terms for golfers
Presented by the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America
Although there is no standardized formula or single maintenance program for every
golf course, there are some basic agronomy terms you can use to communicate with
the golf course superintendent at your facility. In fact, if you're more aware of
what your superintendent is doing to the course, you'll have a much better understanding
of how it might affect the turf you're playing on -- and your round.
Here is a sample of turfgrass terms:
- Aeration: The working of a turf soil without destruction of the
turf by coring, slitting, grooving, hole punching, forking, sliding, spiking or
other means to reduce compaction and improve water and air movement through the
- Blend: A combination of two or more cultivars of the same grass
- Cultivar: A variety, strain or race that has originated and persisted
under cultivation or was specifically developed for the purpose of cultivation.
- Desiccation: Winter injury sustained on exposed turf areas when
subject to high winds or loss of moisture from a plant because of hot, dry weather
- Foot printing:
- Frost: Dead leaf tissue formed by walking on live, frosted turfgrass
- Wilt: Temporary impressions caused by walking on grass plants that
are unable to spring to upright position because leaves lack sufficient moisture.
- Hydroseeding: A high-pressure spray technique for applying seed,
mulch and fertilizer in a water slurry over a seedbed.
- Leaching: The removal of materials dissolved in the soil solution
caused by the movement of water down through the soil, past the root zone.
- Localized dry spot: A dry area of sod and soil that resists water
- Matting: To work topdressing, fertilizers or other materials into
a turfgrass area with drag mats, usually made of steel.
- Plugging: The vegetative propagation of turfgrass by means of turf
plugs or small sod pieces.
- Scalping: The term for removing more of the green leaf surface
than is good for the plant, leaving a stubbly brown turf.
- Syringing: Light sprinkling of water on turf usually done during
the hottest part of the day to prevent wilting.
For a longer list, or if you've wondered about a specific term not included here,
see Turfgrass Terminology for Golf.